3114 BC- The supposed start of the Mayan calendar, created in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica.
1792- King Louis XVI is formally arrested by the National Tribunal and declared an enemy of the people.
1918- Women are accepted into the United States Marine Corps. Opha Mae Johnson is the first woman to enrol.
1937- After failed negotiations between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan, the Battle of Shanghai commences.
1961- Troops in East Germany complete the Berlin Wall, dividing the two sectors of the city overnight with barbed wire fences up to six feet in height erected.
1985- Jamie Gavin undergoes four hour operation in Middlesex to become the first lung and heart transplant patient at just three years of age.